Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences

There’s been a long time since we did some grammar stuff, don’t you think?

English with a Smile

A Sentence for Every Occasion

By Jacqueline Schaalje

fanboys

Warning: This is a lesson at Expert level. If you’re a beginner, read only the first part in this article about simple sentences, and then wait for the next Newsletter.

We’ll continue on the subject of sentences. In this article you’ll learn how to write and recognize simple sentences, then compound sentences, and finally complex sentences.

As a general tip: Learn simple sentences first, and then try more difficult ones. Perfecting the English grammar takes time, so better start with simple sentences and gradually build complex ones.

apple guyMarc Falardeau

First learn to say and write simple sentences with the basic word order.

SUBJECT – VERB – OBJECT(S) – PLACE – TIME

Example sentence:
Javier eats an apple on the bus every morning.

Javier = the subject

Eats = verb

An apple = object

On the bus = place

Every morning = time

Not…

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An introduction to phrasal verbs

About Words - Cambridge Dictionaries Online blog

by Liz Walter
phrasal_verbs
All students of English need to learn phrasal verbs! A phrasal verb is a verb and a particle (e.g. up, off, over) used together. Phrasal verbs may seem difficult, but you probably know some already:

I wake up at 7 o’clock.

He puts on his coat.

Sit down, please.

It is often impossible to guess the meaning of a phrasal verb from the meaning of the verb. For example, if you give up smoking, you stop smoking, and if you carry on doing something, you continue to do it. You have to learn the meaning of these phrasal verbs in just the same way as you do with a single verb.

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Future Perfect – Time to learn some more tenses!

English with a Smile

Warning: this is not for beginning students of English.

Let’s take a difficult tense. It may be the first time you see it.

It’s a combination of the future with “will” and the present perfect with “have + V3.” V3 means the third form of the verb.

Have a look at this example:

Stella will have finished her project tomorrow afternoon.

This sentence presents the idea that Stella will do this project before the afternoon ends.

Here’s an illustration of similar examples:

future perfect

As you can see, the future perfect is used when there is some end time in the future, and the action happens before this end time. In the illustration, this end time is the deadline, in 2015.

If you don’t have an end time in mind, you can use the simple future:

Stella will finish her project tomorrow afternoon.

In short, what’s the difference between the following two…

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Verbs that Must Have an Object

English with a Smile

advise  Mike Fernwood

You’ve got to follow this Tip to make you sound like a native speaker of English.

Some verbs need to have an object after the verb. If they don’t have an object, the sentence is grammatically incorrect. To native ears such a sentence will sound strange. They’ll probably ask you: “Come again?”

The object is the person or thing that an action is done to.

For instance, you can say: 1 My father told me to buy insurance for that trip.

And not: 2 My father told to buy insurance for that trip.

“Me” is the object here (in the first sentence). You always need to tell someone.

So that’s why the second sentence is wrong.

Non-native speakers make lots of mistakes with this, so read this carefully.

Let’s take another verb that always has to have an object: allow.

I need to allow someone to do something.

Thus…

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Choose a better verb!

I’ve broken almost every rule of being a good blogger – the most important one being to post regularly. And I’m sorry about that… I promise I’ll make it up for you. 🙂

About Words - Cambridge Dictionaries Online blog

by Liz Walter
better_verb
It’s easy to use very basic verbs such as get, start, have or make, but a great way of improving your English is to learn more interesting verbs that go with particular nouns. For example, while it’s fine to say get attention or do research, your English will sound much better if you can say attractattention or carry outresearch.

Sometimes it’s worth learning the verb and noun combination as a phrase because it is so common that it would sound strange to use a different verb. For instance, we commit a crime (never ‘do’), telllies or jokes (never ‘say’), and pluck up courage (not ‘get’). And while it’s possible to ‘give’ attention, details or compliments, it’s much more common and natural to payattention, go into detailsand pay someone a compliment.

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